Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are essential for good health, although they are required in smaller quantities than macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and fats). There are two types of micronutrients:

  1. Vitamins - There are 13 essential vitamins that the body needs to function properly, including vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and the B-complex vitamins. Vitamins play a variety of roles in the body, including maintaining healthy skin, eyes, and bones; supporting the immune system; and helping to produce energy.

  2. Minerals - There are more than a dozen essential minerals, including iron, calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Minerals play a key role in maintaining strong bones, regulating heart rate and blood pressure, and ensuring proper muscle and nerve function.

It is important to consume a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from different food groups to ensure adequate intake of all necessary micronutrients. A deficiency in one or more micronutrients can lead to serious health problems, such as anemia (iron deficiency), osteoporosis (calcium deficiency), and scurvy (vitamin C deficiency).

On the other hand, consuming excessive amounts of certain micronutrients can also be harmful, so it is important to talk to your doctor about the right amount for you and to not exceed the recommended daily dose. By including a variety of nutrient-dense foods in your diet, you can help ensure that your body is receiving the necessary micronutrients it needs to function properly.